Self Assessment is a system HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) uses to declare income and collect Income Tax. Tax is usually deducted automatically from wages, pensions and savings. Self-employed sole traders, people and businesses with other income must report it in a tax return.
You’ll need to send a tax return if, in the last tax year:
- you were self-employed – you can deduct allowable expenses
- you got £2,500 or more in untaxed income, for example from renting out a property or savings and investments – contact the helpline if it was less than £2,500
- your savings or investment income was £10,000 or more before tax
- you made profits from selling things like shares, a second home or other chargeable assets and need to pay Capital Gains Tax
- you were a company director – unless it was for a non-profit organisation (such as a charity) and you didn’t get any pay or benefits, like a company car
- your income (or your partner’s) was over £50,000 and one of you claimed Child Benefit
- you had income from abroad that you needed to pay tax on
- you lived abroad and had a UK income
- you got dividends from shares and you’re a higher or additional rate taxpayer – but if you don’t need to send a return for any other reason, contact the helpline instead
- your income was over £100,000
- you were a trustee of a trust or registered pension scheme
- you had a P800 from HMRC saying you didn’t pay enough tax last year – and you didn’t pay what you owe through your tax code or with a voluntary payment
If you’ve been told to send a return
If you get an email or letter from HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) telling you to send a return, you must send it – even if you don’t have any tax to pay.
If you used to send a tax return but don’t need to send one for the last tax year, you can contact HMRC to close your Self Assessment account.
You must also tell HMRC if you’ve stopped being self-employed.
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